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Millions of Pounds of Oxidants Injected
In Situ Chemical Oxidation
XDD has applied over 2.7 million pounds of oxidant at over 90 sites. We provide A to Z services with regard to the design, testing and implementation of in situ chemical oxidation (ISCO) technologies. Each of these services can be used individually, but the best results are obtained when these services are used together as part of an integrative approach. These services include:
Treatability Testing for In Situ Chemical Oxidation:
XDD Environmental provides one of the nation’s leading in situ chemical oxidation treatability testing testing facilities. Treatability testing is often used to determine the oxidant dosing amounts (to avoid post- application rebound), identify potential failure mechanisms, and determine the most favorable activation chemistry (if necessary). Often short term pricing pressures result in the treatability testing step to be skipped, usually resulting in under-dosing and rebound after the in situ chemical oxidation full-scale application.
XDD has designed a significant number of in situ chemical oxidation projects using several different application strategies including direct injection, pull-push, and re-circulation.
For example, often a less-experienced firm will complete an in situ chemical oxidation injection event for a mostly dissolved contaminant (e.g., 1,4-dioxane) via direct injection. In this particular example, the injection fluid can often displace or “push” the contaminant, causing the overall extent of the impacts to increase significantly. XDD Environmental will take factors such as the contaminant solubility in account and design an application that uses recirculation or pull-push strategies. While these in situ chemical oxidation applications can be more expensive than direct injection, they minimize application risks and end up being less expensive over the life cycle of the project.
In Situ Chemical Oxidation Implementation:
XDD is renowned for our high quality implementation services with a stellar health and safety record. We have successfully implemented in situ chemical oxidation to treat both large and small sites with numerous site-specific challenges. These include:
- Active/operational industrial facilities
- Sensitive and restricted areas at government facilities
- Busy commercial districts
- Suburban neighborhoods requiring XDD to be off site daily before local schools let out
- and many others
XDD Environmental was among the first companies to apply activated persulfate and stabilized hydrogen peroxide as in situ chemical oxidation technologies. XDD regularly publishes book chapters, assists on guidance documents, presents at multiple national conferences, and completes government funded field and bench studies. Our engineers and scientists have experience in the following oxidant systems:
- Iron-chelate activated
- Alkaline activated
- Naturally activated
- Hydrogen Peroxide
- Catalyzed Hydrogen Peroxide (e.g. Fenton’s Reagent)
- Stabilized Hydrogen Peroxide
- Acidified Hydrogen Peroxide
In Situ Chemical Oxidation Services:
- Installation oversight
- Oversight of equipment fabrication vendors
- Operations and performance sampling
- Regulatory negotiations
- Peer review and optimization recommendations
For list of our short courses, peer reviewed publications, and conference proceedings, click here.